Java Abstract Class

An abstract class is a class that is declared by using the abstract keyword. It may or may not have abstract methods. Abstract classes cannot be instantiated, but they can be extended into sub-classes.
Java provides a special type of class called an abstract class. Which helps us to organize our classes based on common methods. An abstract class lets you put the common method names in one abstract class without having to write the actual implementation code.
An abstract class can be extended into sub-classes, these sub-classes usually provide implementations for all of the abstract methods.
The key idea with an abstract class is useful when there is common functionality that's  like to implement in a superclass and some behavior is unique to specific classes. So you implement the superclass as an abstract class and define methods that have common subclasses. Then you implement each subclass by extending the abstract class and add the methods unique to the class.
Points of abstract class :

  1. Abstract class contains abstract methods.
  2. Program can't instantiate an abstract class.
  3. Abstract classes contain mixture of non-abstract and abstract methods.
  4. If any class contains abstract methods then it must implements all the abstract methods of the abstract class.


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